Infectious disease medicine is the sub specialty of internal medicine that focuses on diagnosing and managing infections. Although most common infections are treated by general internists and other specialty physicians, internists practicing infectious disease medicine are frequently called upon to help diagnose unknown infections and assist in managing difficult, unusual, or complicated infections.
Infectious disease medicine requires an extensive understanding of the way in which bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections occur in humans and how they present clinically, as well as knowledge about antimicrobial agents, antibiotic resistance, vaccines, and other immunobiological agents. Because of their training, infectious disease internists are also uniquely equipped to deal with the environmental, occupational, and host factors that predispose to infection, as well as the basic principles of epidemiology and transmission of infection.
There are many different models of infectious disease practice. Some infectious disease physicians work in a dedicated infectious disease clinic or may split their infectious disease practice with general internal medicine practice. Many infectious disease physicians serve as consultants to other physicians, seeing patients in consultation in their practice or in the hospital, and they may also follow patients with certain infections longitudinally for ongoing care. Some internists practicing infectious disease medicine work in dedicated settings caring for specific patient populations requiring unique knowledge and skills (such as HIV or wound care clinics). Many doctors in infectious disease practice serve as hospital or community-based epidemiologists or infection control experts.
Dr. Vidhyalakshmi – DNB., General Medicine.,FNB (Fellowship in infection diseases)., Felloship ID SCE (UK).