Urology is the surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tract of males and females, and also on the reproductive system of males. Urology combines management of medical (i.e. non-surgical) problems such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, as well as surgical problems such as the surgical management of cancers, the correction of congenital abnormalities, and correcting stress incontinence.
Female urology is a branch dealing with overactive bladder, pelvic organ prolapse, and urinary incontinence.
Paediatric urology is concerned with urologic disorders in children. Such disorders include cryptorchism (undescended testes), congenital abnormalities of the genito-urinary tract, enuresis, underdeveloped genitalia (due to delayed growth or delayed puberty, often an endocrinological problem), and vesicoureteral reflux.
Reconstructive urology reestablishes functionality of the genito-urinary tract. Structures of the ureter often require reconstructive surgery.
Another frequent procedure is the reconstruction of the urinary bladder from small bowel in conjunction with cancer surgery. Cosmetic surgery such as penis enlargements is rarely done in urology.
Dr. T. Senthil Kumar – MS (Gen Surgeon) DNB, MRCS (EDIN), MCH (Uro).